The small dorp of Kaligoni is administratively subjected to the Municipality of Lefkada, of the county of Lefkada. It is located 2 km south-eastern of the city of Lefkada. Close to Kalogoni is located the antiquarian area of the Ancient Acropolis-Kaligoni.
The archaeological site of Acropolis in ancient Kaligoni is located near the dorp of Kaligoni. In the area of Kaligoni have been discovered remnants from the Neolithic Age. The archaeologist Goulielmos Delpferd discovered in Kouloumo near the village of Kaligoni remnants of the ancient capital of the island named Nirikos and the ancient Acropolis of the city which was surrounded by walls. The same archaeologist also discovered domes, the ancient aqueduct, pools, a pre-Roman age theatre and Byzantine towers.
Nikiana is a newly built settlement located to the east of the island of Lefkada. A characteristic coastal settlement with its own port, Nikiana belongs to the Municipality of Lefkada of the homonym prefecture. Nikiana is built on the foothill of Skaros Mountain and is formed by the migrant citizens of the ancient village Alexandros next to Nikiana.
The small village of Alexandros is administratively subjected to the Municipality of Lefkada of the county of Lefkada and is regarded as an extension of the Nikiana settlement. The village is located at the roots of the mountain Megali Rahi. The whole area of Skari forms a unique site of nature because of the rare species of flora found in the region. Between the old and the new settlements, on the roots of the mountain, the historic ascetic church of Agioi Pateres is located.
The settlement of Perigiali is located at the eastside of the island, north-east of the mountain Megali Rahi. Perigiali is administratively subjected to the Municipality of Ellomenos and is built along the provincial road network of Lefkadas-Nidriou between the foothills of the mountain and the sea. With its own port where drag-nets dock and the beaches of Pasas and Keramidaki, the settlement of Perigiali stands opposite to the complex of the small islands of the eastern coast.
The town of Nidri is located at the eastern central end of the prefecture of Lefkada. The town of Nidri is the capital of the municipality of Ellomenos and stands 16km away from the city of Lefkada. The position of the town and its small port has played a central role for the development of the wider area and the south and eastern parts of Lefkada. Today, the port, with the characteristic dock, the monument of Aristotelis Onasis, old houses and new buildings form the town’s identity. The landscape of the wider area is characterised by the dense terrain and the affluent undulating coasts. In the coastal space opposite the settlements are located the islands of Sparti, Madouri, Scorpidi, Scorpios and Meganisi.
Of great environmental interest in the wider area of the settlement are the gorge Dimosari and its waterfalls which spring from the mountain Elati and fall in the field of Nidri. In the area of Nidri is traced another myth for the lost island of Ithaca.
Lost island of Ithaca
In the area of Steno, near the town of Nidri, excavations that took place at the end of the 19th century from the archaeologists Goulielmos Delpferd and Errikos Sleman shed light into remnants of the age 2000 b.c. According to these findings and after careful examination, the archaeologist Delpferd argued that the island of Lefkada is Homer’s lost island of Ithaca.
The small island of Scorpio is administratively subjected to the Municipality of Ellomenos in the county of Lefkada. The island is located opposite to the town of Nidri and is unbreakably bounded to the history of Onassis family where it also belongs. The island is a private green heavenly island which remains close to the public.
The small island of Madouri falls under the jurisdiction of the municipality of Ellomenos in the prefecture of Lefkada. The island is at close distance opposite to the town of Nidri and used to belong to Aristotelis Valaoritis family. In the islands centre remains until today the characteristic neoclassical building which was used as a summer camp from the poet Aristotelis Valaoritis.
Opposite to Nidri and next to Progiponisia islands stands the island of Meganisi. The island of Meganisi is located south-east of the complex of islands of the eastern coast in the county of Lefkada and belongs to the homonym municipality of Meganisi. Access to the island is possible via the sea interconnection by ferry-boats from the port of Nidri. The island of Meganisi and its traditional settlements Vathi (the island’s capital), Katomeri and Spartohori with the vignette back-streets (known as Kantounia) and the small stone houses are well fitted into the characteristic landscape of the island. The settlement of Vathi is especially characterised by the numerous wells (and their low cyclical banquette) which were used for pumping water. The activities of the citizens are centred on fishery and tourism. The island of Meganisi is regarded as an area of priceless natural wealth due to the variety and the large number of coasts that circulate the island. Along the peninsula that expands to the south-west end of the island is located the historic cave of Papanicolis, which remains alive and famous from its role in the Second World War.